In recent years, cities have tapped renowned architects -- and made investments in the billions -- to transform their busiest airport terminals into fully functional works of art while staying true (whenever possible) to local cultures and sensibilities.
Renowned architect César Pelli (who designed the Petronas Towers in Malaysia and the International Financial Centre in Hong Kong) drew his inspiration from the vast prairies and sky when he conceived of this terminal, the first freestanding airport building in Canada that’s LEED-certified. Skylights, an atrium and large windows fill the space with light and bring the big sky inside -- a design element that (along with “smart” mechanical systems) helps reduce overall energy consumption.
While many architects tend to focus on airiness, light and the “sensation of flight” when designing airports, the one who recreated the Wellington’s recently expanded international terminal -- nicknamed “The Rock” -- made a deliberate departure from that trend. In his quest to create something theatrical and distinctively Kiwi, Nick Barratt-Boyes opted to build 3 copper-clad structures that from the outside look like a trio of boulders.
With an on-site movie theater, kids playground and a legendary 4-story slide, there’s no doubt that Changi’s Terminal 3 is one of the world’s most action-packed terminals. But thanks to the facelift it received by CPG Corporation and Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, it also vies for one of the world’s most beautiful. The “butterfly” roof has 919 skylights and corresponding reflector panels that adjust to allow just the right amount of daylight inside.
Whether its twin steel arches remind you of a bird in flight -- or something that alighted in Lyon from a universe far, far away -- you can definitely spot some kind of avian-theme in France’s fourth busiest airport, designed by architect Santiago Calatrava. At 130 feet tall and nearly 400 feet long, the main arches that compose the terminal allow just the right amount of light to enter the main concourse.
Unlike the rest of the terminals featured here, the one at Jeddah is only in operation during hajj, the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca that takes place in the last month of the year. This temporary open-air terminal is covered with 210 white fiberglass tents that help cool the desert air by as much as 50 degrees without air-conditioning.
This sweeping space, which was designed by Antonio Lamela and Richard Rogers and opened in 2006, was built to provide the 50 million passengers who pass through it each year with an airy, stress-free zone through which to begin or end their journeys. This worry-free effect is achieved with glass-paneled walls that allow in plenty of light, a gently undulating roofline constructed from long beams of pale bamboo, and candy-colored pylons that graduate through the rainbow.
Conceived by renowned airport architect Curtis Fentress (who also designed the iconic peaks of the Denver International Airport), Incheon publicly spotlights the best of traditional Korean design -- while still emerging as a futuristic model of efficiency. Before he started building, Fentress traveled throughout the country, visiting ancient landmarks and studying the design of traditional religious buildings.
Where traditional Islamic design meets sleek ultra-modern architecture you’ll find Terminal 1, a beautiful study in the confluence of cultures and artistic sensibilities. Architects at the Casablanca-based firm of E2A Architecture probably stole a page from the playbook of many runway designers when they softened the edge of the building’s starkly geometric exterior structure by layering it with delicate-looking arabesque screens.